Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a landlocked, mountainous country whose capital city is Kigali. It is in the Central and East African region and is one of the smallest countries on the African mainland with a land area of 10,169 mi2. It is bordered to the north by Uganda, to the east by Tanzania, to the south by Burundi, and to the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo. The most recent census in 2012 showed that the population of Rwanda was about 12 million people, making it one of the most densely populated countries in Africa. Rwanda’s president has been Paul Kagame since 2000.
After the 1994 genocide against Tutsi, Rwanda was left in ruins, but after two decades, it is one of the most peaceful and cleanest nations. Rwanda also has one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, with tourism and businesses being the most successful sector of Rwanda’s economic development. However, a significant majority of Rwandans still depend on agriculture, as Rwanda’s main exports are cash crops such as tea and coffee. Today, Rwanda is a country of a united people and it has always shared a common language.